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Summary Professional Blackjack explains card counting and other ways to beat blackjack, and has strategies for various rule variations.
PROFESSIONAL BLACKJACK by Stanford Wong Pi Yee Press copyright © 1975, 1977, 1980, 1981, 1994, 2011 by Pi Yee Press Inquiries should be addressed to Pi Yee Press, 4855 W.
Nevso Dr, Las Vegas, NV 89103-3787.
ISBN 978-0-935926-35-4 ABOUT THE AUTHOR Stanford Wong has made a name for himself through books, newsletters, software, and the Internet.
He loves to solve puzzles.
Of course he has done his share of winning at gambling games.
When he was in graduate school, playing blackjack was his major source of income, and he stayed in school long continue reading to earn a Ph.
He published his first book, Professional Blackjack, in 1975 while a student at Stanford.
Wong is a frequent contributor to the message boards on his website, BJ21.
PREFACE Professional Blackjack is a reference book for blackjack players.
Included is advice for proper play for most of the rule variations you will encounter in blackjack games around the world.
The book contains a virtually complete set of strategy numbers for the high-low counting system.
The numbers in this book have been objectively derived on a computer.
This material has been thoroughly tested in casinos throughout the world.
Unusual rules and casino promotions have popped up over the years; things like a casino inserting three jokers into a six-deck shoe.
This book includes appropriate analyses and playing strategies.
Also important: This book explains how to win in a casino — how to win without getting kicked out.
This e-book is a combination of three paper books: Professional Blackjack, Basic Blackjack, and Blackjack Secrets.
The card-counting advice is from Professional Blackjack, the basic-strategy advice for unusual rules is from Basic Blackjack, and the advice on getting away with playing a winning game in casinos is from Blackjack Secrets.
Many rules variations have appeared since 1979, when I began publishing monthly newsletters.
Every time I learn about a new please click for source for blackjack, I work out a strategy for playing against it and share the strategy with my newsletter readers.
Many of the strategies in this book first appeared in Current Blackjack News.
Win rates herein are estimates based on simulations by Blackjack Count Analyzer, the predecessor of Professional Blackjack Analyzer.
The win rates contained in this book are based on simulations totaling more than ten billion hands of blackjack.
Win rates in this book are estimates based on simulations.
At a minimum, enough hands are simulated to bring the standard error down to 0.
Some of the material in this book was professional blackjack by stanford wong published as Winning Without Counting, which explained how to win without counting cards.
Dave Douglas is the person to whom I consider, blackjack inn georgia this thankful for continue reading me to warps.
I made a lot of money playing the warps at Las Vegas Club in Las Vegas.
That was the easiest game to beat that I have ever found, and I am grateful that it lasted as long as it did.
As pit bosses at Las Vegas Club became aware that its blackjack game really was the most liberal in the world, they took a step that stopped the giveaway: They had their dealers stop peeking at hole cards under 10s.
Others of the strategies in this book first appeared in my long-out-of-print Blackjack in Asia.
Thanks to all the readers who sent emails and letters to Pi Yee Press; without them, this book would not exist.
Here is an example.
A reader asks: What do you tell people that you do?
I mean, suppose you are at a party and someone asks you what you do.
Do you tell them that you play blackjack?
I have a variety of answers to that question.
Sometimes I tell people that I am in investments.
When they follow up with What kind of investments?
I am telling the truth — my average investment lasts less than a minute.
If I want to discourage further questions when someone asks me what I do, I say that I am in insurance.
Again I am not telling a lie, because I do buy insurance when the count per deck is high enough.
Thanks to the people who read pre-publication copies and whose suggestions have made this a better book: Anthony Curtis, Michael Dalton, Dave Douglas, Frank Polo, John Speer, and especially Don Schlesinger.
Eagle Eye on errors.
Speer contributed many clarifications and clever phrases, such as pacify the eye in the sky in chapter 24.
Any remaining errors are of course my responsibility.
If you want to discuss blackjack with other professional blackjack by stanford wong, the best place is BJ21.
If you have any questions about the material in this book or about blackjack as it is being played in casinos around the world, or if just want to talk about blackjack, you can post your message on BJ21.
The best source of information on blackjack rules and playing conditions any US or Canadian casino is Current Blackjack News, a monthly newsletter published by Pi Yee Press.
For ordering information, go to BJ21.
Some of the tables in this book are images, and cannot be read as text.
From a Woman Comp Withdrawn Casino Creates a Counter Comped and Barred Using an Alias Going Too Far CHAPTER 28 CHEATING BY THE DEALER Which Card is Upcard?
Peeking Unusual Action The Golden Diddle the Discards Peek and Burn Hitting Busted Hands Burning a Card Gaffed Shoes Unusual Decks Fast Dealers Hand-Held Games Clumping Complaints to the Gaming Control Board Indian Casinos Dropped Shoe CHAPTER 29 SHUFFLES New Decks Shuffled, But Not Together Single-Deck Shuffle Study Speed of Blackjack Search For Streakiness APPENDIX A APPENDIX B APPENDIX C APPENDIX D APPENDIX E GLOSSARY BIBLIOGRAPHY CONTACT INFORMATION LIST OF TABLES Table 1 Generic Basic Strategy Table 2 Probability of Dealer Final Total by Upcard Table 3 High-Low Count Table 4 Player Edge Table 5 Split, With No Double After, S17 Table 6 Split, With Double After, S17 Table 7 Double Down, S17 Table 8 Soft Standing, S17 Table 9 Hard Standing, S17 Table 10 High-Low Strategy Numbers, S17 Table 11 High-Low Strategy Numbers, H17 Table 12 When to Take Insurance Table 13 10-Count for Insurance Table 14 Double Down, S17 Table 15 Double Down, H17 Table 16 Double, Not Last Chance, S17 Table 17 Double, Not Last Chance, H17 Table 18 Double Down, With Multiple-Card Surrender, S17 Table 19 Double Down, With Surrender After Doubling, S17 Table 20 Doubling a Match-Play Chip Table 21 Redoubling Table 22 Split, With No Double After, S17 Table 23 Split, With Professional blackjack by stanford wong After, S17 Table 24 Split, With No Double After, H17 Table 25 Split, With Double After, H17 Table 26 Split, With Double Any Number of Cards and No Double After Split, S17 Table 27 Split, With Double Any Number of Cards and No Double After Split, H17 Table 28 Split, With Double Any Number of Cards Including Click the following article Split, S17 Table 29 Split, With Double Any Number of Cards Including After Split, H17 Table 30 Split, With Double Any Two or Three Cards Before Split and Any Two Cards After, S17 Table 31 Split, With Double Any Two or Three Cards Before Split and Any Two Cards After, H17 Table 32 Pair Splits With Double on 9, 10, or 11 After Splitting Table 33 Pair Splits With Double on 10 or 11 After Splitting Table 34 Pair Splits With Double on 11 After Splitting Table 35 Pair Splits That Benefit the Rider Table 36 Pair-Betting Strategy for Riders Click here 37 Early Surrender Table 38 Late Surrender Table 39 Multiple-Card Early Surrender Table 40 Multiple-Card Late Surrender Table 41 Second-Chance 21 Table 42 Lose All to a Natural, S17 Table 43 Modifications to Appendixes When You Lose All to a Natural Table 44 No Dealer Natural, S17 Table 45 Probability of Natural Table 46 2:1, 8:5, 6:5, and 1:1 Payouts on Naturals Table 47 Value of Getting Paid on Tied Natural Table 48 Probability of Simultaneous Naturals Table 49 Dealer Wins Ties Table 50 Dealer Wins 17-17 Table 51 Dealer Wins Ties Except 21-21 Table 52 Double After Split Ace-Ace If Hitting Not Allowed Table 53 Player Edge Given First Card Table 54 Basic Strategy For Value to Assign to a Joker Table 55 Push on 22 Table 56 22 Counts As 21 Table 57 Probability of Push Table 58 Push on Tie Over 21 Table 59 Push on Anything Over 21 Table 60 Bust Box Table 61 Basic Strategy for Bonus of Half a Bet, S17 Table 62 2-Card Hands With 5-Card Half Win, S17 Table 63 3-Card Hands With 5-Card Half Win, S17 Table 64 4-Card Hands With 5-Card Half Win, S17 Table 65 5-Card Hands With 5-Card Half Win, S17 Table 66 Play of 2-Card Hands With 5-Card Early Half Win, S17 Table 67 3-Card Hands With 5-Card Early Half Win, S17 Table 68 4-Card Hands With 5-Card Early Half Win, S17 Table 69 5-Card Hands With 5-Card Early Half Win, S17 Table 70 Basic Strategy for Bonus of One Bet Table 71 3-Card Hands With 6-Card Automatic Win, S17 Table 72 4-Card Hands With 6-Card Automatic Win, S17 Table 73 5-Card Hands With 6-Card Automatic Win, S17 Table 74 2-Card Hands With db3, 6-Card Automatic Win, H17 Table 75 3-Card Hands With db3, 6-Card Automatic Win, H17 Table 76 4-Card Hands With 6-Card Automatic Win, H17 Table 77 5-Card Hands With 6-Card Automatic Win, H17 Table 78 Basic Strategy for Bonus of 1.
A handful of professionals support themselves by playing blackjack, and they call themselves investors rather than gamblers.
Investing means expecting money to grow, and sometimes involves placing it in a risky situation.
Gambling means placing money in a risky situation and hoping that it will grow but knowing that it will more likely shrink.
The investor buys stocks and bonds and real estate, while the gambler plays craps and keno and slot machines.
For most people, playing blackjack is gambling; but, for a few, it is investing.
Casino owners establish the rules of blackjack and the card counter always stays within these rules.
You break no law when you win money by using a card-counting system.
Blackjack is a sporting proposition.
Purpose The purpose of this book is to serve as a handy reference to blackjack players.
When you travel, if there is any chance you will encounter a blackjack game, take this book with you.
Whatever rules you encounter at blackjack, you should be able to open this book and find basic strategy, and usually the strategy numbers that advise you when to deviate from basic strategy.
Organization Chapter 2 presents generic basic strategy.
The rest of the book discusses situations where it is appropriate to deviate from generic basic strategy.
Deviations from generic basic strategy are highlighted with bold type.
Chapter 3 presents the high-low counting system for one commonly-found set of rules.
Following that are chapters presenting basic strategy and indexes for insurance, double down, splitting, and surrender.
Chapter 8 is devoted to blackjack games in which the dealer does not take a hole card.
Then come chapters devoted to naturals, ties, aces, and busted hands.
Chapters are devoted to multiple-card bonuses, and bonuses for particular hands such as 6-7-8 of the same suit.
You ought to be able to find the strategy index numbers you need for the rules you face in the casino of your choice.
You can bet that your first two cards will total over thirteen or under thirteen.
Aces count as one and not eleven, and thirteen loses.
Chapter 17 is devoted to blackjack bets not covered elsewhere in the book.
Chapter 18 presents a more powerful counting system, the halves.
Chapter 19 is devoted to double exposure.
Chapters 20 and up explain some of the finer points of blackjack, such as other ways to gain an edge, finer points of blackjack play, how to play without getting kicked out, how to win faster, tokes, comps, and cheating by the dealer.
Chapter 29 presents several studies of casino shuffles.
The appendix contains tables of strategy indexes, expectations, and frequencies of particular hands.
Basic Strategy Casino profits at blackjack are due almost entirely to players deviating from basic strategy.
The average player knows almost nothing about the proper play of blackjack hands, makes mistakes about 15% of the time, and loses at the rate of about 1.
Peter Griffin has studied this professional blackjack by stanford wong these numbers come from chapter 15 of his Extra Stuff.
Standing on all stiffs against 2 ,3 ,4, 5, and 6 and hitting all stiffs against 7, 8, 9, 10, and ace will take you out of the 1.
Even with good books on blackjack available in stores all over the country for decades, most players still stand on sixteen against 7; it is a costly error.
If you want to play blackjack to win, you must at least know an approximation to basic strategy.
Chapter 2 presents generic basic strategy, an approximation that is reasonably correct for almost all blackjack rules.
Succeeding chapters present more detail about basic strategy, so that you can fine-tune your play to match the precise rules you face.
Playing basic strategy puts you close to even at all casinos, and gives you an edge at some.
If you want more information on which casinos have rules so liberal that basic strategy gives you an edge, the best source is Current Blackjack News.
Beyond Basic Strategy If you find a casino in which the dealer checks hole cards under 10s, chapters 20 to 22 may help you pick up anywhere from half a percent to a couple of percentage points.
If you play basic strategy as a base, picking up half a percent will bring you up to the break-even point with standard rules, and picking up a percent will give you the sort of long-run advantage enjoyed by pros.
And of course there is card counting, which is explained in this book.
This probably is a good place for an admonition against illegal acts.
I do not advocate cheating.
I do not advocate such tactics as grabbing a handful of chips and running.
There are plenty of ways to get a legitimate edge over a casino; you should not have to resort to ways that might lead to fines, prison, and a criminal record.
Ethics The ethics of casino gambling are simple.
The casino owner, and not you, is responsible for procedures.
If you notice a vulnerability, you are not obligated to tell anyone about it.
If you can capitalize on that vulnerability, you may do so.
An example of a vulnerability is an incorrect payoff.
Your bet is not lost article source the dealer picks it up; if the dealer does not pick it up you have not lost.
If the dealer pays you in error and no pit boss rushes over to correct it, then you have a winner.
Some vulnerable procedures give you extra information.
For all of your decisions you may use whatever information is available regardless of the source.
Once when I was playing single-deck blackjack at El Capitan in Hawthorne, Nevada, the dealer was running lucky and winning almost every hand.
When he accidentally broke a corner off the spade 7 during a shuffle, instead of replacing the card or the deck he continued to deal, thinking to give the players a break.
I would have had no qualms about doubling down on hard thirteen or fourteen if I saw that the card I would get was missing a corner.
History of Winning Blackjack Baldwin, Cantey, Maisel, and McDermott click to see more a substantially please click for source basic strategy in the Journal of the American Statistical Association in 1956.
Their book, Playing Blackjack to Win, came out in 1957.
The first published winning system was Edward O.
In the early 1960s, blackjack was a one-deck game in which 50 of the 52 cards were dealt out, and one could double down after splitting pairs.
At the end of the deck the dealer would run out of cards and shuffle to complete the round.
The high-low count, originated by Harvey Dubner in 1963, is still effective.
For every pc freeware blackjack player there are hundreds of gamblers who know enough about blackjack to bet big with confidence, but do not really know enough to have an advantage over the dealer.
Then there are those players who know what they must do to win, but prefer to rely on their intuition; such players deviate from the correct plays so frequently as to be losers.
Strangely but truly, the casino owners have been helped on balance by the publishing of blackjack systems.
An aside: Be happy that bad players exist.
They are the reason casinos can afford professional blackjack by stanford wong offer blackjack games that can be beaten.
Smile if the person sitting next to you makes a bonehead play.
Never give advice to other players at the table.
A casino can offer blackjack only if it makes money on the game, though it does not have to beat every single customer.
A casino can afford to deal to winning blackjack players only if it has a sufficient volume of losing blackjack players.
If you play well enough to win, you should be thankful for those players who stand on soft seventeen and make other gross misplays.
By the mid 1970s, emphasis shifted from trying to make better decisions to trying to get by with playing winning blackjack in casinos.
More and more decks were used in blackjack.
Double deck and four-deck shoes became widespread, particularly in Las Vegas.
Then some casinos went to six decks, and to eight.
Northern Nevada stayed predominantly single deck for a long time.
Card counters playing against four or more decks generally must use big bet variation because they have a positive expected win rate only a small fraction of the time; and big bet variation does not go unnoticed.
Only where the rules are so liberal that basic strategy yields a positive expected win rate right after the shuffle can card counters beat the shoe games without big bet variation.
Team play, popularized by Ken Uston in The Big Player, involves players at several tables betting small amounts and counting the cards.
When one of these small bettors finds a high count, the big player is signaled to come and make large bets.
Then came techniques for winning at blackjack without counting cards.
Winning Without Counting was the first book to explain that topic.
The other main casino countermeasure in recent years is no longer manually checking hole cards under 10s.
This procedure first appeared at Nevada Palace in East Las Vegas in May of 1981, and spread rapidly after being introduced at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas in November of 1982.
Dealers at Caesars Palace no longer check their hole cards unless their upcards are aces.
If the upcard is 10 and the hole card turns out to be an ace, the player loses only the original bet and not the extra bets on doubles or splits.
The player loses on twenty-one in other than the first two cards if the dealer has a two-card twenty-one.
If a player wants to surrender against a 10, the dealer places a tiddlywink on top of the bet; then when the hole card is turned up, the whole bet is lost if the dealer has a natural, or half the bet is lost if the dealer does not have a natural.
It describes a powerful, yet simple, system that has been proven to work, and it does so in a straightforward manner so that a person who has never been to a casino can learn how to win.
No magic is required — just skillful work.
You too can learn to play blackjack for profit as well as fun.
Besides introducing blackjack to people who know no other winning system, this book tells how to play without being spotted as a user of a winning system.
After all, what good does it do to know how to win if winning will get you kicked out?
In spite of impressive winnings, you can be treated as a preferred customer at those casinos that encourage heavy bettors.
Besides accepting lodging in complimentary hotel suites, enjoying complimentary gourmet dinners, and happily taking in complimentary floor shows at the most luxurious gambling palaces in the world, you can win at the gaming tables of your hosts and hostesses most of the time.
If something blackjack watch price above wish to become a card counter, you must have certain abilities.
You must handle simple arithmetic well.
You must be able to remember a simple number, such as three, be able to subtract one from that number or add one to that number, and be able to do it quickly.
You must be able to divide and multiply approximately.
You must be able to memorize tables of numbers.
If you have ever memorized a multiplication table, you can memorize these tables.
I used to think you had to have good eyesight, but a reader says: I would like to take issue with one thing.
While I am sure good eyesight is a definite advantage, I do not believe it to be essential.
I am legally blind and.

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Professional Blackjack by Stanford Wong. Professional Blackjack is 350 pages of card-counting advice for beginners to experts. It presents the high-low and the halves. The high-low is the best combination of simplicity and power, and probably is the most popular system used by card counters.


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Stanford Wong | Blackjack Pro, Pioneer, and Guru of 21
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Meet Stanford Wong - The "Guru" of Blackjack
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Professional Blackjack by Stanford Wong. Professional Blackjack is 350 pages of card-counting advice for beginners to experts. It presents the high-low and the halves. The high-low is the best combination of simplicity and power, and probably is the most popular system used by card counters.


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Professional Blackjack is 350 pages of card-counting advice for beginners to experts.
It presents the high-low and the halves.
The high-low is the best combination of simplicity and power, and probably is the most popular system professional blackjack by stanford wong by card counters.
Halves is professional blackjack by stanford wong level-3 system that yields almost perfect estimates of your advantage, information you need to determine your optimal bet size.
The 1994 edition of Professional Blackjack contains 100 tables, not counting the tables in the appendixes.
The tables give strategy index numbers for a variety of rules.
The book also contains results of simulations for various sets of rules, so you can learn how valuable one rule is compared to another; for example, you can turn to page 185 and learn that to a card counter, double after split is cod black ops 3 the same value as late surrender.
The book is chock full of information.
For example, have you ever wondered how much expectation someone gives up by standing on sixteen against an eight?
For single deck, page professional blackjack by stanford wong tells you that the various two-card sixteens each lose at a rate of about 53% if you stand and 43% if you hit, so the cost is 10%.
For six decks, page 331 tells you the numbers are 51% for standing versus 45% for hitting, so the cost is 6%.
Professional Blackjack is available from.